Timeline

This is a timeline about the development of landscape art - across time and in different countries and cultures; of different approaches to developing landscape art - in the studio and plein air; from observation and imagination

Definition of landscape and landscape art

Asia

Landscape Art in China

    • Song Dynasty (960-1279) - DongYuan, Guo Xi and Ju Ran;
    • Southerhn Song Dynasty (1172-1279) - Ma Yuan and Xia Gui;
    • Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368) Huang Gongweng, Wu Zhen, Ni Zan and Wang Meng
    • Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644) - Dai Yin, Shen Zou, Weng Zhengming, Yang Yin, Qui Ying, Dong Qichang,
    • Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) - Zha Du, the Four Wangs: Wang Shimin, Wang Hui, Wang Jian, Wang Yunagi, Wu Li, Shitao, Hongren, Kuncan, Gong Xian

    Landscape Art in Japan

      Muromachi Period (1333-1573) - Sesshu Toyo, Kano Eitoku, Hasagawa Tohaku
      Edo Period (1615-1858) - Kano Tan'yu, Hokusai, Hiroshige
      Landscape Art in India
      • Rajput painting (1800-1900) - country life

      Europe

      Landscape Art and Roman Painting - (c510BCE- 478CE)

      Landscape Art and Early Italian Art - (13th & 14th centuries): Ambrogio Lorenzetti and the panorama; Giotto and the development of depth in the picture plane

      Landscape Art and Gothic Art - (15th century) Limbourg Brothers and illuminated manuscripts

      Landscape Art and the Italian Renaissance (c. 1400-1525)- Piero della Francesco; Massacio, Andrea Mantegna, Leonardo da Vinci and Georgione; the development of perspective; landscape as background

      Landscape Art and the Northern Renaissance
        • Flemish Renaissance (c. 1400-c.1540) Pieter Brughal the Elder - The Months, rural life; Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden and the landscape through the window;
        • German Renaissance (c.1440-c.1540) Albrecht Altdorfer - landscapes with no story; Joachim Patinir and the panorama; Albrecht Durer
          Landscape Art and Mannerism (c.1520-c.1610) - El Greco and the dramatic landscape

          Landscape Art and the Baroque (c1600-1720) - Claud Lorrain and the ideal landscape, Salvator Rosa, Nicolas Poussin and setting the scene, Peter Paul Rubens and landscapes for pleasure; Jacon van Ruisdel and Dutch landscapes, Aelbbert Cuyp and the luminous landscape, William van der Velde and marine painting


          Landscape Art and the Rococo (c1700-1780) 

          Watteau, Piranesi and the Grand Tour, Canaletto (Giovanni Antonion Canal) and topographical views
          Landscape Art and Neoclassicism (1770s-1810s) -

          Landscape Art and the picturesque

          Landscape Art and the German Romantics - Danube School, Caspar David Friedrich, Albert Bierstadt, Karl Blechen

          Landscape Art and Realism 

          Camille Corot, Jean-François Millet, Courbet,

              Landscape Art and French Impressionism 

              Claude Monet, Camille Pissaro, Alfred Sisley

              Landscape Art and Spanish Impressionism 

              Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida
              Landscape Art and Neo Impressionism - Seurat


              Landscape Art and Post Impressionism 

              Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent Van Gogh
              Montagne Saint Victoire 1890 by Paul Cézanne
              oil on canvas; Height 0.65m ; Width 0.92m

              Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France
              photo copyright Katherine Tyrrell
              Landscape Art in the early 20th century - the abstraction of the landscape: Kandinsky. Mondrian,
                • Landscape Art and Fauvism - Andre Derain, Henri Matisse
                • Landscape Art in Scandinavia - Aksell Gallen-Kallela,
                • Landscape Art in Russia - Valentin Serov, Konstantin Alekseyevich Korovin, Ivan Shishkin, Isaac Levitan
                • Landscape Art in Austria - Gustav Klimt
                • Landscape Art and The School of Paris - Utrillo
                • Landscape Art and Surrealism - Magritte, Dali
                  Contemporary European Landscape Art

                  Great Britain

                  Landscape Art and the British Rococo 
                  Richard Wilson and the idealised classical tradition; Thomas Gainsborough and the country house portrait

                  • Richard Wilson Online | Paul Mellon - a work-in-progress designed to provide an up-to-date and freely accessible record of Wilson's autograph paintings and works on paper
                  • Richard Wilson Catalogue | Paul Mellon - the Richard Wilson Online Catalogue Raisonné

                  Landscape Art and British Neoclassicism - George Stubbs and the picturesque setting for animals

                  Landscape Art and the Influence of the Royal Academy - the influence of Joshua Reynolds

                  Landscape Art and the English Watercolourists

                  Landscape art in watercolour in the 17th and 18th centuries - Turner, Cotman, Girtin, Cox, Cozens, Sandby
                  Landscape Art and the Nazarenes - William Dyce

                  Landscape Art and the Bristish Romantics 

                  Richard Parkes Bonington, JMW Turner, John Constable
                  Landscape Art and the Visionaries - Samuel Palmer, John Martin

                  Landscape Art and the Pre-Raphaelites - William Holman Hunt; Ford Madox Brown

                  Landscape Art and English Impressionists - Phillip Wilson Steer

                  Landscape Art and Naieve Painting (early 20th century) - Alfred Wallis

                  Landscape Art and the Avant Garde (early 20th century) - Graham Sutherland, Paul Nash

                  Landscape Art and British Regional Painters 

                  LS Lowry, Atkinson Grimshaw, the Heaton Coopers, Eric Ravilious, John Piper

                  Landscape Art in Scotland and the Scottish Colourists 

                  Samuel Peploe,
                  20th Century / Contemporary British Landscape Art - David Prentice, Kurt Jackson, David Hockney

                  North America

                  Landscape Art and Native Americans 

                  Landscape Art and Colonial America (17th and 18th centuries) - ?

                  Landscape Art and the Hudson River School (American Romantics) - Thomas Cole, Frederic Edwin Church, Asher Brown Durand, Sanford Robinson Gifford

                  American Landscape Art - Painting the West - Rocky Mountain School: Thomas Moran
                  Landscape Art and American Impressionism - Childe Hassam, William Merritt Chase, John Henry Twachtman, Theodore Robinson

                  American Landscape Art in the early twentieth century 

                  Winslow Homer, James McNeil Whistler, John Singer Sargent
                  Landscape Art and American Modernism - Arthur Dove,

                  Landscape Art and American Naieve Painting (early 20th century) - Grandma Moses

                  American Landscape Art and Regionalist Painters - Grant Wood, Thomas Hart Benton,

                  American Landscape Art in the 20 century - John Carlson, Georgia O'Keeffe, Andrew Wyeth, Wolf Kahn, Andy Warhol, Wayne Thiebaud, David Hockney

                  Canadian Landscape Art and the Group of Seven J.E.H. MacDonald, Franklin Carmichael, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, Lawren S. Harris, Frederick Varley and A.Y. Jackson.

                  Contemporary North American Landscape Art

                  American Landscape Photography
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