Timeline

This is a timeline about the development of landscape art - across time and in different countries and cultures; of different approaches to developing landscape art - in the studio and plein air; from observation and imagination

Definition of landscape and landscape art

Asia

Landscape Art in China
    • Song Dynasty (960-1279) - DongYuan, Guo Xi and Ju Ran;
    • Southerhn Song Dynasty (1172-1279) - Ma Yuan and Xia Gui;
    • Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368) Huang Gongweng, Wu Zhen, Ni Zan and Wang Meng
    • Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644) - Dai Yin, Shen Zou, Weng Zhengming, Yang Yin, Qui Ying, Dong Qichang,
    • Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) - Zha Du, the Four Wangs: Wang Shimin, Wang Hui, Wang Jian, Wang Yunagi, Wu Li, Shitao, Hongren, Kuncan, Gong Xian
    Landscape Art in Japan
      Muromachi Period (1333-1573) - Sesshu Toyo, Kano Eitoku, Hasagawa Tohaku
      Edo Period (1615-1858) - Kano Tan'yu, Hokusai, Hiroshige
      Landscape Art in India
      • Rajput painting (1800-1900) - country life

      Europe

      Landscape Art and Roman Painting - (c510BCE- 478CE)

      Landscape Art and Early Italian Art - (13th & 14th centuries): Ambrogio Lorenzetti and the panorama; Giotto and the development of depth in the picture plane

      Landscape Art and Gothic Art - (15th century) Limbourg Brothers and illuminated manuscripts

      Landscape Art and the Italian Renaissance (c. 1400-1525)- Piero della Francesco; Massacio, Andrea Mantegna, Leonardo da Vinci and Georgione; the development of perspective; landscape as background

      Landscape Art and the Northern Renaissance
        • Flemish Renaissance (c. 1400-c.1540) Pieter Brughal the Elder - The Months, rural life; Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden and the landscape through the window;
        • German Renaissance (c.1440-c.1540) Albrecht Altdorfer - landscapes with no story; Joachim Patinir and the panorama; Albrecht Durer
          Landscape Art and Mannerism (c.1520-c.1610) - El Greco and the dramatic landscape

          Landscape Art and the Baroque (c1600-1720) - Claud Lorrain and the ideal landscape, Salvator Rosa, Nicolas Poussin and setting the scene, Peter Paul Rubens and landscapes for pleasure; Jacon van Ruisdel and Dutch landscapes, Aelbbert Cuyp and the luminous landscape, William van der Velde and marine painting

          Landscape Art and the Rococo (c1700-1780) - Watteau, Piranesi and the Grand Tour, Canaletto (Giovanni Antonion Canal) and topographical views

          Landscape Art and Neoclassicism (1770s-1810s) -

          Landscape Art and the picturesque
          Landscape Art and the German Romantics - Danube School, Caspar David Friedrich, Albert Bierstadt, Karl Blechen
          Landscape Art and Realism - Camille Corot, Jean-François Millet, Courbet,
              Landscape Art and French Impressionism - Claude Monet, Camille Pissaro, Alfred Sisley
              Landscape Art and Spanish Impressionism - Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida

              Landscape Art and Neo Impressionism - Seurat

              Landscape Art and Post Impressionism - Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent Van Gogh
              Montagne Saint Victoire 1890 by Paul Cézanne
              oil on canvas; Height 0.65m ; Width 0.92m

              Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France
              photo copyright Katherine Tyrrell
              Landscape Art in the early 20th century - the abstraction of the landscape: Kandinsky. Mondrian,
                • Landscape Art and Fauvism - Andre Derain, Henri Matisse
                • Landscape Art in Scandinavia - Aksell Gallen-Kallela,
                • Landscape Art in Russia - Valentin Serov, Konstantin Alekseyevich Korovin, Ivan Shishkin, Isaac Levitan
                • Landscape Art in Austria - Gustav Klimt
                • Landscape Art and The School of Paris - Utrillo
                • Landscape Art and Surrealism - Magritte, Dali
                  Contemporary European Landscape Art

                  Great Britain

                  Landscape Art and the British Rococo - Richard Wilson and the idealised classical tradition; Thomas Gainsborough and the country house portrait

                  Landscape Art and British Neoclassicism - George Stubbs and the picturesque setting for animals

                  Landscape Art and the Influence of the Royal Academy - the influence of Joshua Reynolds

                  Landscape Art and the English Watercolourists - landscape art in watercolour in the 17th and 18th centuries - Turner, Cotman, Girtin, Cox, Cozens

                  Landscape Art and the Nazarenes - William Dyce

                  Landscape Art and the Bristish Romantics - Richard Parkes Bonington, JMW Turner, John Constable

                  Landscape Art and the Visionaries - Samuel Palmer, John Martin

                  Landscape Art and the Pre-Raphaelites - William Holman Hunt; Ford Madox Brown

                  Landscape Art and English Impressionists - Phillip Wilson Steer

                  Landscape Art and Naieve Painting (early 20th century) - Alfred Wallis

                  Landscape Art and the Avant Garde (early 20th century) - Graham Sutherland, Paul Nash

                  Landscape Art and British Regional Painters - LS Lowry, Atkinson Grimshaw, the Heaton Coopers, Eric Ravilious, John Piper

                  Landscape Art and the Scottish Colourists - Samuel Peploe
                  Contemporary British Landscape Art - David Prentice, Kurt Jackson, David Hockney

                  North America

                  Landscape Art and Native Americans 
                  Landscape Art and Colonial America (17th and 18th centuries) - ?

                  Landscape Art and the Hudson River School (American Romantics) - Thomas Cole, Frederic Edwin Church, Asher Brown Durand, Sanford Robinson Gifford

                  American Landscape Art - Painting the West - Rocky Mountain School: Thomas Moran

                  Landscape Art and American Impressionism - Childe Hassam, William Merritt Chase, John Henry Twachtman, Theodore Robinson

                  American Landscape Art in the early twentieth century - Winslow Homer, James McNeil Whistler, John Singer Sargent
                  Landscape Art and American Modernism - Arthur Dove,

                  Landscape Art and American Naieve Painting (early 20th century) - Grandma Moses

                  American Landscape Art and Regionalist Painters - Grant Wood, Thomas Hart Benton,

                  American Landscape Art in the 20 century - John Carlson, Georgia O'Keeffe, Andrew Wyeth, Wolf Kahn, Andy Warhol, Wayne Thiebaud, David Hockney

                  Canadian Landscape Art and the Group of Seven J.E.H. MacDonald, Franklin Carmichael, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, Lawren S. Harris, Frederick Varley and A.Y. Jackson.

                  Contemporary North American Landscape Art

                  American Landscape Photography
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